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Vulnerable babies

Vulnerability of babies

Serious Case Reviews, together with other research findings, show that children under one year of age and in particular very young babies are extremely vulnerable to being seriously injured or to dying as a result of abuse or neglect.

East Riding Safeguarding Children Board provides training on the vulnerability of babies (link to vulnerability of training web page)

Below are some useful resources for practitioners and parents/carers.

NSPCC have developed a protecting babies and toddlers leaflet:

Protecting babies and toddlers (pdf 90kb opens in a new window)

NSPCC have created a useful Handle with Care - Keeping Babies Safe leaftlet that can be downloaded below:

Handle with Care - Keeping Babies Safe (pdf 0.98mb opens in a new window)

Further resources can be found on the NSPCC website:

NSPCC (external website)

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Child development

A child development chart can be downloaded below:

Child development chart (pdf 1.0mb opens in a new window) 

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Cot death

Unicef have developed a leaflet advising how parents can care for babies at night safely. It can be downloaded below: 

Caring for your baby at night leaflet (pdf 102kb opens in new window)

Lullaby Trust have developed a safe sleeping card for parents and carers. It can be downloaded below: 

Lullaby Trust safe sleeping card (pdf 1.57kb opens in new window)

Further resources and information can be found at the Lullaby Trust website:

Lullaby Trust (external website) 

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Emotional abuse


This leaflet summarises what is currently known about children aged less than six years who have been emotionally neglected or emotionally abused. It considers the behaviour that can be observed in these children and in the interactions between them and their parents.

Emotional neglect and emotional abuse in pre-school children (pdf 330kb opens in a new window)

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Physical abuse


The information in this leaflet is based on a systematic review of all the quality work in the world literature about bruising on children. Bruising is the most common injury to a child who has been physically abused. These key messages should help you to know when to be concerned about bruising on children.

Bruises on Children (pdf 312kb opens in a new window)

The leaflet below should help you to know when to be concerned about thermal injuries that may be the result of abuse or neglect.

Thermal Injuries on Children (pdf 368kb opens in a new window)

The leaflet below summarises what is currently known about the relationship between fractures and physical abuse and will be of particular interest to paediatricians, general practitioners, radiologists, accident and emergency doctors, orthopaedic surgeons, social workers, police and legal practitioners.

Fractures and physical injury (pdf 335kb opens in a new window)

The leaflet below summarises what is currently known about the clinical presentation of inflicted head and spinal injuries in children and will be of particular interest to A&E staff, paediatricians, general practitioners, health visitors, child protection conference chairs, safeguarding leads, children’s services team managers, independent reviewing officers, local authority designated officers, children’s social workers, police and legal practitioners.

Head and Spinal Injuries (pdf 607kb opens in a new window)


The information is based on a systematic review of all the quality work in the world literature about abusive fractures in children; full details are available at:

CORE Info - Cardiff Child Protection Systematic Reviews (external website) 

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Injury prevention


The Child Accident Prevention Trust (CAPT) is a national charity committed to preventing and reducing the number of children and young people killed, disabled and seriously injured as a result of accidents. It provides information, briefing advice and training services to professionals. It organises high profile safety campaigns.

The Child Accident Prevention Trust (CAPT) (external website)

This guide available below focuses on accidents and child development.

Accidents and child development (pdf 627kb opens in a new window)

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Safe sleeping

ISIS provides information about normal infant sleep based upon the latest UK and world-wide research 


This information is for:

  • parents who wish to make informed choices about infant sleep and night-time care;
  • health professionals who wish to share evidence-based information with parents about infant sleep.

ISIS Online - Infant Sleep Information Source (external website) 

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UNICEF

The Baby Friendly Initiative is a worldwide programme of the World Health Organisation and UNICEF. It was established in 1992 to encourage maternity hospitals to implement the Ten Steps to Successful Breastfeeding. A number of resources for professional and parents are available: 

UNICEF - The Baby Friendly Initiative (external website)

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Learning from Serious Case Review

Ofsted have published a summary New Learning from Serious Case Reviews: a 2-year report for 2009 to 2011 which can be accessed below:

New learning from serious case reviews: a 2-year report for 2009 to 2011 (external link)

 

Is there local training?

East Riding Safeguarding Children Board deliver the Vulnerabilities of Babies inter-agency training

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